Sauer Snyder posted an update 8 months ago
High-temperature insulated wire isn’t a one-size-fits-all product. Depending on the application, different facets will go into choosing the proper form of wire to have the done right. In the following paragraphs, we’ll take a closer look at what these factors are and the way they’re able to assist in selecting the most appropriate high-temperature insulated wire for the specific situation.
Factor #1: Definition of Electrical Requirements – Operating voltage, conductor temperature rating and current-carrying capacity (aka ampacity) must be met when choosing high-temperature insulated wire. Such wiring is labeled with a temperature rating, that’s driven by a combination of ambient heat and current-generated heat. Ambient heat is a result of the application being performed whereas current-generated heat is calculated by matching conductor material and diameter to service amperage. It is very important note that due to difficulty in pinning down exact current-carrying capacity, manufacturers often specify higher capacity conductors than theoretical calculations would indicate.
Factor #2: Environmental Conditions – What are you doing inside wire is not only consideration when it comes to choosing the right high-temperature insulated wire. External environmental factors can also be important. That is because they can possess a damaging influence on the two wire’s insulation as well as its interior circuitry. Ambient heat, moisture, abrasion, thermal stability, chemical attach, mechanical abuse, low temperature, flame resistance, ease of stripping terminating and routing are environmental conditions that has to be compensated for when scouting for high-temperature insulated wire. Many of these factors are discussed in greater detail further on in this post.
Factor #3: Conductor Material Type – The wire’s conductor material determines the maximum temperature it can withstand. Situations that want the wire to have the greatest of temperatures, like high-rise alarms in case of a hearth, is often more reliably served with nickel-coated copper and nickel conductors, because both versions can endure temperatures around 550 degrees Celsius. Copper, nickel-plated and iron conductors alternatively can hold up under only an upper array of 200 to 250 degrees Celsius.
Factor #4: Current-Carrying Capacity or Ampacity – Some of the environmental conditions stated above also provide an impact on high-temperature insulated wire’s capability to carry current. As a result, they ought to be weighed to the equation. Ampacity is measured because the current a conductor can transport before the combined temperature of both conductor and insulation rises over a permitted limit.
Conductor size and material, amperage, ambient temperature and insulation type will all are likely involved is the wire’s ampacity. The conductor’s diameter and mass are the most influential size considerations. Smaller they may be, the bottom the high-temperature insulated wire’s ampacity. As previously talked about within the Factor #3 section, a conductor’s material features a strong bearing on simply how much temperature the wire can withstand and that temperature range varies widely. Likewise, different materials produce wide fluctuations from the current-carrying capacity with the wire too.
Finally, the insulation found in the wire determines simply how much heat it dissipates and, in turn, the ampacity. The dissipation problem becomes even more complicated when wire is enclosed within a tightly confined space, so fire alarms in high-rise ductwork, for example, pose additional challenges when looking for high-temperature insulated wire options.
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